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Esther 4

“Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or drink for three days, night or day. I and my young women will also fast as you do. Then I will go to the king, though it is against the law, and if I perish, I perish” (v. 16).

Sometimes it takes a crisis to rouse us from a spiritual stupor. Most of us probably know someone who has turned back to the Lord when a cancer scare, a job loss, a bankruptcy, or some other tragedy has driven them to their knees. Many of us can testify that we returned to God and His Word only when we hit rock bottom or otherwise encountered a deadly threat of some kind.

Mordecai and Esther, we see in today’s passage, were moved to take action when a crisis for the Jews arose in fifth-century BC Persia. We have noted how their willingness to marry Esther off to a pagan king indicated that these two Jews were not the most devout of individuals (Est. 2). But when Haman the Agagite purposed to destroy the Jews because he believed Mordecai was not showing him sufficient honor, things changed. Mordecai immediately began publicly mourning the apparent fate of his people (4:1–3). Previously, he showed no desire to be identified as a Jew—as one of the servants of the God of Israel. But in that moment of crisis, he revealed his Jewishness and identified with the people of the one true creator God.

Upon hearing of Mordecai’s public display of grief, Esther sent some of her servants to inquire about the problem. Apparently, she had not heard of Haman’s decree calling for the extermination of the Jews (vv. 4–5). Mordecai explained the situation, and clearly Esther understood that he wanted her to intercede on the Jews’ behalf with the king of Persia. Otherwise, she would not have told her cousin that going before the king without being summoned was to risk death (vv. 6–11).

Mordecai, seeing that Esther feared for her life, warned her that failing to help the Jews would not preserve her. The Jews would be delivered regardless of whether she assisted her people, but a failure to stand up for them would cause her own destruction. And although Mordecai could not read the hand of God’s providence, he suggested that Esther might have been put on the throne, in the Lord’s sovereign plan, to save the Jews (vv. 12–14; but note that Mordecai did not mention God’s name specifically).

Esther had to make a decision: either try to help the Jews and possibly die, or fail to intercede and certainly come to an end. Helping her people was the only viable option (vv. 15–17).

Coram Deo Living before the face of God

Matthew Henry comments on Esther’s decision to intervene: She “said not this in despair or passion, but in a holy resolution to do her duty and trust God with the issue; welcome his holy will.” We may not have to take similar risks as Esther did, but we must make many decisions while being uncertain of the outcome, trusting the Lord to do what is best. We cannot let fear keep us from doing what is right but must trust the Lord and choose what is good.


For Further Study
  • Psalms 20:7; 118:6–9; 125:1
  • Isaiah 50:7–9
  • Hebrews 11:32–40

Haman the Agagite

The Invisible Hand of Providence

Keep Reading The Trinity

From the December 2019 Issue
Dec 2019 Issue