Interpreting the prophets can be difficult because the rich imagery and poetic style that they typically employ raises interpretive questions. For example, are we to take the prophetic visions as describing the future in literal terms, figurative terms, or both? The short answer is that it depends on the vision. For a fuller answer, we must turn to the New Testament and see how new covenant revelation points us to the proper interpretation of old covenant prophetic revelation. Regarding the specific prophecy of Micah 4:1–5, the New Testament seems to point us in the direction of reading Micah’s words as figurative in some ways and literal in others. Today’s passage clearly alludes to Micah’s prediction, for it includes imagery of kings—representing their nations and peoples—streaming to the heavenly Jerusalem descended to earth (Rev. 21:1–2, 24–25; see Mic. 4:1–2). Jerusalem, of course, is located on the mountain of the temple of the Lord, which means that the heavenly Mount Zion of Hebrews 12:22 must also descend to earth at the last day. Revelation 21:24 describes the nations walking by the light of the Lord, which is likely an allusion to Micah 4:2 and the nations going to the temple to learn to walk in God’s ways and enjoy the benefits of His law going forth. After all, the Old Testament describes the Word of God as a light that guides His people (Ps. 119:105). So, the exaltation of God’s mountain in Micah 4:1–5 does not seem to predict a geographic upheaval that will make earthly Mount Zion the tallest mountain on earth according to its physical height. Does that mean that Micah’s words are only figurative? Not necessarily. There seems to be no real reason for the new Jerusalem to be located anywhere else in the new earth than its traditional location. Micah used language familiar to his original audience when he prophesied. Biblical revelation builds on what came before, and at that stage in redemptive history, God’s people would not likely have understood Micah if he had spoken in explicit new covenant terms. That does not make his words less meaningful. For instance, Micah speaks of everyone having his own vine. This is an image of prosperity, because fruitful vineyards symbolized the Lord’s blessing and provided income to ancient Israelites (Mic. 4:4; see Deut. 8:7–9; 1 Kings 21:1–2; Isa. 36:16; Joel 2:22). Micah saw all people who follow the Lord as prospering in the last day, which John confirms in Revelation 21.